Energy is one important thing in our life. Life cannot exist without energy. Movement requires energy as well. For example, all forms of transportation, from walking to flying in an airplane, require converting energy into movement. Because of this, energy is a core part of civilization. Without transportation, trade is impossible. Modern civilization depends on being able to harness and use energy effectively to generate electricity and to enable transportation. But over consumption energy specially source from fossil fuel can provide dangerous environmental issue. all tell us that burning fossil fuels is causing dangerous changes to the climate, we think it’s time to get serious about clean energy. It also means supporting safely operating hybrid solar cell power plants that produce carbon-free electricity.
Hybrid solar power technology work as the alternatives model to decentralized electricity generation. The hybrid solar technology has a potential to development for next decade because it can be renewed and the best thing about them is they will not reduce any amount of energy resources they use for generating electricity. The Hybrid solar power generation for example, will no reduce any amount of sun radiation on Earth to produce electricity, unlike fossil fuel generation plant. Beside that, hybrid energy generation is more important because the wind not floe continuously and sun radiation is only present approx. 8 to 10 hours in a day. So for continuous power it is important to hybridize the solar and wind power with the storage batteries.
According to many renewable energy experts, a small “hybrid” technology that combines home wind electric and home solar electric (photovoltaic or PV) technologies offers several advantages over either single system. A hybrid energy solution smoothes out the highs and lows of energy generation periods due to seasonality as solar irradiation and wind speeds change throughout the course of the year. A truly hybrid solution will compensate for seasonal losses of power generation not solely depending on one type of renewable energy system. It is easy to see that the combination of wind and solar is a natural one, and one which is complementary on a seasonal basis.
JyotiKant and Hari (2014) reported that the hybrid technologies are very high and it is very reliable for both ruler and urban areas. And the most important to development the system is cost. Installation cost of 100 % hybrid system is very costly, so the hybrid technologies have potential for next decade generation. Furthermore, to improve the efficiency of hybrid system can be done with the modification of material solar system (Chandraprabha et al, 2015). My research about synthesis nanomaterial for solar cell device reported that modification of material can improve the efficiency of the system. In addition, the research related to the development of the efficiency of solar cells and hybrid technology is currently a topic of interest and a lot of studied. This shows that in the next 10 years this technology will be the technology is ready, and replace fossil fuel to generate environmentally friendly electricity. Maybe, In commercial and industrial sectors the systems are used in rural offices or small tourist hotels where power shortage is chronic. It can be used in schools especially in rural and urban fringe areas. In fact, for hybrid solar energy to achieve its potential, desert hybrid solar-wind power plant construction costs will have to be further reduced via technology improvements, economies of scale, and streamlined assembly techniques. Development of economic storage technologies can also lower costs significantly. According to renewable energy department, a desert hybrid solar power plant covering 10 square miles. Thus, desert-based power plants can provide a large share of the nation’s commercial energy needs.
Chandraprabha, Namrata Singh, Shalini Thakur, and Rituraj Karan. (2015). Current Stature and Future Outlook of Hybrid Renewable Energy System. ational Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment (NCREE-2015) IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad Vol. 2, Special Issue 1.
JyotiKant and Hari Kr Singh. (2014). Scope and Potential of a Hybrid Solar & Wind Energy System for Jodhpur Region, Case study. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Vol. 3 Issue 6.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory, http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html, accessed December 25, 2016.
Masdar Clean Energy, http://masdar.ae/en/energy/international-projects, accesed December 24, 2016
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